, , ,

Agave Americana or Century Plant

Agave Americana

Agave americana “Century plant” has no stem. Its thick and massive gray-green leaves originate from a basal rosette. The leaves get up to 6′ long and 10″ wide, and have sharp spines on the margins and tips. The margin spines are recurved like fishhooks and the tip spines can be more than an inch long. The flower stalk is branched, 20-40′ tall, and bears large (3-4″) yellow-green flowers. Popular cultivars are ‘Marginata’ with yellow margins on the leaves, ‘Mediopicta’ with a broad yellow band down the center of each leaf, and ‘Striata’ with stripes.

  • Max Height: 2m
  • Spread: 3m
  • Origin: Mexico
  • Family: Agavaceae
  • Common Name: Century Plant
  • Flower Colour: Yellow
  • Drought Tolerance: High
  • Salinity Tolerance: Medium
  • Sun Tolerance: High
  • Wind Tolerance: High
  • Water Requirement: Low
  • PH Level: Basic
  • Pest Tolerance: High
  • Disease Tolerance: High
  • Growth Rate: Slow
  • Fragrance: No


  • Healthy plant in its pot with premium soil
  • All the tips and tricks for expert-level care
  • Safe arrival guaranteed

Reasons to buy from us

  • Guaranteed quality
  • Careful handling
  • On time delivery
  • Support 24/7
    • Telephone support
    • Live chat support
  • Trained staff



Agave Americana or Century Plant

In the realm of botanical wonders, few plants captivate the imagination quite like Agave americana, commonly known as the Century Plant. With its striking appearance and remarkable resilience, this succulent species stands as a testament to the beauty and adaptability of nature. Let us embark on a journey to explore the intricacies of this magnificent plant and uncover the secrets that make it a cherished addition to any landscape.

A Closer Look: Features and Characteristics

Anatomy of the Century Plant

At first look, the Agave americana catches your eye with its unique shape. It doesn’t have a stem but grows in a circular pattern from the bottom. Its leaves are thick, gray-green, and can grow really long, up to 6 feet, and wide, about 10 inches. These leaves stand out because they have sharp points along the edges and tips. These spikes not only help protect the plant but also make it interesting to look at.

Flowering Splendor

Every few decades, the Century Plant undergoes a breathtaking transformation as it sends forth a towering flower stalk, reaching heights of 20 to 40 feet. Crowned with large, yellow-green flowers measuring 3 to 4 inches in diameter, this botanical spectacle is a sight to behold. The sheer scale of the flower stalk, coupled with the vibrant hues of the blossoms, serves as a testament to the plant’s enduring vitality.

Varieties and Cultivars

Within the realm of Agave americana, a diverse array of cultivars beckons enthusiasts with their unique features and attributes. Among the most notable are:

  • ‘Marginata’: Boasting yellow margins along the leaves, this cultivar adds a touch of brightness to any landscape.
  • ‘Mediopicta’: With a broad yellow band adorning the center of each leaf, this variety commands attention with its striking contrast.
  • ‘Striata’: Characterized by elegant stripes adorning its leaves, this cultivar adds a sense of sophistication to its surroundings.

Environmental Adaptability: Thriving Against the Odds

Native Habitat

Originating from the arid landscapes of Mexico, Agave americana is no stranger to harsh conditions. Evolving in environments characterized by limited rainfall and intense sunlight, this resilient plant has developed mechanisms to thrive in the face of adversity.

Tolerance to Adverse Conditions

From high levels of salinity to relentless winds and scorching sun, the Century Plant displays remarkable resilience in the face of diverse environmental stressors. Its high drought tolerance, coupled with an ability to withstand pests and diseases, makes it a prized addition to xeriscapes and drought-tolerant gardens alike.

Growth Rate and Maintenance

Despite its slow growth rate, Agave americana rewards patient gardeners with years of enduring beauty. With minimal water requirements and a preference for basic soil pH levels, it is a low-maintenance choice for landscapes seeking both form and function.

Related Product: Agave Americana Marginata

Cultivation Tips: Nurturing the Century Plant

Watering Regimen

While the Century Plant is renowned for its drought tolerance, occasional watering during prolonged dry spells can help promote healthy growth. However, exercise caution to avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot and other issues.

Pruning and Maintenance

Regular pruning of dead or damaged leaves can help maintain the plant’s aesthetic appeal and prevent overcrowding. Additionally, be mindful of the sharp spines along the leaves when handling the plant, using protective gloves if necessary.


In the garden of life, few plants command the same reverence and admiration as Agave americana, the Century Plant. With its striking appearance, remarkable resilience, and enduring beauty, it stands as a testament to nature’s boundless creativity and ingenuity.

Dimensions 40 cm